If projected sea level rise increase faster than the hability of mangroves to re-establish in higher areas, such ecosystems will be substantially reduced in the future. This regime shift is speculative and highly uncertain. However, mangroves are important providers of ecosystem services and many communities depend on them.
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- Gilman, E., J. Ellison, and R. Coleman. 2007a. Assessment of mangrove response to projected relative sea-level rise and recent historical reconstruction of shoreline position. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 124: 112-134.
- Leadley, P. Biodiversity Scenarios: Projections of 21st Century Change in Biodiversity and Associated Ecosystem Services: A Technical Report for the Global Biodiversity Outlook 3. (2010).
- Morris, J. T., P. V. Sundareshwar, C. T. Nietch, B. Kjerfve, and D. R. Cahoon. 2002. Responses of coastal wetlands to rising sea-level. Ecology 83: 2869-2877.