Wismar Bay, Baltic Sea
The Bay of Wismar is located in the southwestern Baltic Sea. Episodic hypoxia has caused stress for fish and mortality in benthic fauna, but the area has been recolonized annually. It has been estimated that the Wismar Bay hypoxia, which is linked to eutrophication, began in the 1980s.
Type of regime shift
- Marine & coastal
Spatial scale of the case study
- Local/landscape (e.g. lake, catchment, community)
Continent or Ocean
- The Baltic Sea
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Prena J. 1995. Effects of eutrophication on macrobenthos zonation in Wismar Bay (Western Baltic Sea). Archiv für Hydrobiologie 133, 245-257.