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Firth of Clyde Estuary, UK

Main Contributors:

Johanna Yletyinen

Other Contributors:


Hypoxia first recorded in the 1980s.

Type of regime shift

Ecosystem type

  • Marine & coastal

Land uses

  • Fisheries

Spatial scale of the case study

  • Local/landscape (e.g. lake, catchment, community)

Continent or Ocean

  • Europe


  • West Europe


  • United Kingdom

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Key References

  1. Bock MT, Miller BS, Bowman AW. 1999. Assessment of eutrophication in the Firth of Clyde: Analysis of coastal water data from 1982 to 1996. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38, 222-231.


Johanna Yletyinen. Firth of Clyde Estuary, UK. In: Regime Shifts Database, Last revised 2012-03-17 18:54:56 GMT.
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